Saturday, September 26, 2020

Perfect Progressive Tense - English grammar

The perfect progressive tense describes actions that repeated over a period of time in the past, are continuing in the present, and/or will continue in the future.

Perfect Progressive Tense-Present perfect continuous

Perfect Progressive Tense-Present perfect continuous

The present perfect progressive tense tells you about a continuous action that was initiated in the past and finished at some point in the past; however, the action has some relation to the present time. Use have/has + been + ing.

  • It has been raining, and the street is still wet.
  • I have been running, and I am still tired.
  • She has been practicing the piano, and she is much better now.

Click Here : "English Grammar Rules"

The past perfect progressive tense illustrates a continuous action in the past that was completed before another past action. Use had + been + ing.

  • It had been raining, and the street was still wet.
  • I had been running, and I was still tired.
  • She had been practicing the piano, and she had gotten much better.

The future perfect progressive tense indicates a continuous action that will be completed in the future. Use will + have + been + ing.

  • By tonight, it will have been raining several hours, and the street will be very wet.
  • By next summer, I will have been running for almost a year, and I will be fit and healthy.
  • By the time of the concert, she will have been practicing the piano for several months, and she will be much better.

Read Also: Comparative and Superlative Adjectives

Present perfect continuous - English grammar


Affirmative: have/has been + present participle (verb + ing)

Negative: haven’t/hasn’t been + present participle (verb + ing)

Read Also: Count Nouns vs Non-Count Nouns


Present perfect continuous is used to talk about an action/event that started in the past and is still happening now.

  • I’ve been waiting for over an hour. (I’m still waiting now)
  • It’s been snowing since 8am. (It’s still snowing now)

How long is often used in questions.

  • How long have you been learning English? (You started learning in the past and are still learning now)

Join Govt Jobs All over India Whatsapp Group Links

Present perfect continuous is used to talk about an activity/event that has recently finished and has a result or consequence now.

  • She’s tired because she’s been working hard.
  • I have no money left because I’ve been shopping.

Present perfect continuous is used to focus on the action and not on the completion of the action.

  • She’s been writing a book. (focus on the action)
  • She’s written a book. (Present perfect simple – focus on the result)
  • They’ve been negotiating the contract. (focus on the action, it’s not important if it’s finished or not)They’ve negotiated the contract. (focus on the result,the negotiation is finished)

When the action/event is more temporary we often use present perfect continuous. When it is more permanent we often use present perfect simple.

  • They’ve lived in Italy for many years. (Present perfect simple)
  • I’ve been living here for a month. (Present perfect continuous)


Post a Comment

Popular Posts

Recent Posts